Know The Facts About Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

The hormonal balance within the body is delicate. There are many ways in which just a slight imbalance can result in odd or abnormal situations. So many things are regulated by hormones. One of these issues is reproduction. The hormones released to accompany reproduction are prone to disorder however. 

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one such hormonal disorder. PCOS can cause irregularities in the menstruation process. It may result in very long periods of menstruation or not having them often. The ovaries can also fail to release eggs due to fluid buildup. What’s worse, is that there are some dangerous complications that can occur for women who suffer from PCOS. Being able to spot the symptoms ahead of time can reduce a lot of serious potential problems from occurring later. 

Risk Factors of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

There are several risk factors which might play a role in women getting polycystic ovary syndrome. Currently, the exact cause it’s fully unknown. Some of the risk factors include: 

  • Women who suffer from high levels of pancreatic hormones can be at risk. Some cells can become resistant to this hormone and in turn, an excess is created. 
  • There is some research which shows that it’s possible that PCOS risk is passed down through family lines. Specific genes or defects in the genes may be a potential risk for PCOS. 
  • Women create a natural amount of male hormone, but if their ovaries produce too much, this can be a risk factor and potential issue and cause. 
  • Many women who have PCOS have also had their immune system causes inflammation in the area of the ovaries, which in turn causes them to misproduce hormones. 

Symptoms of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

There are three main sets of symptoms when it comes to PCOS. In order to receive a diagnosis, you need to suffer from at least two of these different symptoms:

  • Polycystic Ovaries - Specifically, with this symptom, the ovaries become large and collections of fluids called follicles will surround the eggs. This can cause the ovaries to function irregularly. 
  • Male Hormonal Symptoms - An increased level of male hormone can be triggered. In turn, this can result in symptoms typically common yo men like excess facial and body hair. Some women can suffer from male-pattern baldness or severe acne. 
  • Irregular Menstrual Cycles - This is the most common symptoms for women who suffer from PCOS. It’s possible to have less than 9 periods in a year, or longer timelines between periods such as 35+ days. Sometimes periods may be alarmingly heavy. 

Treatment of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Typically, treatment can focus on two factors. The first is medication and the second is lifestyle choices. These lifestyle changes will usually revolve around getting to a healthy body weight. It’s been found that even modest weight loss can provide some improvements to the condition. It can also allow medications to be more effective. 

There are a fair number of different medications which can be chosen. Combination birth control pills are a common choice as they can work to regulate hormones and keep them consistent. There are also some medications or therapy which are designed to neutralize the additional male hormones being produced by the ovaries. 

Beyond that there are medications to assist in ovulation. These medications can calm the follicles surrounding the eggs and cause them to release properly. The symptoms caused by excessive male hormone can be troubling to many women. Some medications can assist in stopping the excess hair growth that is very common in these cases.

Disclaimer: Information on this website is not meant to encourage the self-management of any health or wellness issue. Nor is it meant to encourage any one type of medical treatment. Any treatment or advice used may have varying results between individuals. Readers with health-related questions, are always encouraged to seek proper consultation with a physician or certified healthcare provider. No information on this website should be used to ignore any medical or health-related advice, nor should it be the root cause for a delay in a consultation with a physician or a certified healthcare provider.

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