Learn More About Deep Vein Thrombosis
The body’s arteries and veins are responsible for blood moving throughout the body. They take blood from the heart and lungs before returning it back there to be reoxygenated. However, there are times when a person’s body will suffer from a clot in the vein. When this occurs in the deep veins of the body, it’s known as deep vein thrombosis (DVT).
These thrombus’ (blood clots) typically will form in the legs, farther from the heart. In many people, there can be some serious swelling in the leg. Others may not notice it. Unlike some issues, there are multiple potential causes of DVT. It’s good to visit a doctor as soon as it appears like there may be any potential symptoms.
Causes and Risk Factors of Deep Vein Thrombosis
There are a large number of potential issues that can cause DVT. Since it’s an issue with blood clotting, almost anything that can cause blood clotting can result in DVT. In addition to diseases and conditions, many people develop DVT after they are injured or have surgery as well.
In addition to the causes, there are several risk factors which can increase the chances of clotting. Many of these are lifestyle risks, while others are simply other medical conditions which can occur. People are at a greater risk of DVT if they are obese or are smokers. Birth control pills and hormone replacement therapy can also cause issues. Pregnancy is also a major risk factor since it increases the amount of pressure that veins are under. Other risk factors include long term bed rest, cancers, heart failure or several bowel diseases.
Symptoms of Deep Vein Thrombosis
There are multiple symptoms that can be felt when someone is suffering from DVT. In some cases, the symptoms don’t appear or be felt at all. DVT is often linked to a pulmonary embolism, which is incredibly life threatening. Symptoms of DVT include:
- Leg Pain - This pain can be confused with cramping or general calf soreness. While it typically starts in the calf, it can extend to the rest of the leg. It’s usually found in one leg as opposed to two.
- Discolored Skin - Typically this discoloration will be red, though other colors are possible.
- General Warmth - This feeling of warmth will starts in the leg. It can be felt when no other part of the body is warm.
As mentioned, you should also be alert for signs of a pulmonary embolism. These include:
- Rapid Pulse
- Coughing Up Blood
- Lightheadedness and Dizziness
- Chest Pain
- Shortness of Breath.
Exhibiting these symptoms should result in quick medical treatment. There are other complications which can occur as well.
Treatment of Deep Vein Thrombosis
Treatment comes with two goals. The first is to ensure that any kind of blood clot that already exists doesn’t grow any larger. The second goal is to reduce the size of existing clots and ensure that other clots are unable to develop.
The first step is usually medicines that are referred to as blood thinners or anticoagulants. These keep the blood from clotting further. From there, medications are used to burst up clots that already exist. In addition to medications, some people wear compression stockings. These alter the blood pressure in the veins there. These can keep the swelling and especially the pain that someone may be feeling in their legs down.
No information on this website should be used to start the use of dietary supplements and vitamins, natural and herbal products, homeopathic medicine and other mentioned products prior to a consultation with a physician or certified healthcare provider.