Take This Chance to Learn More About Behcet's Disease

It’s entirely possible that you may have not heard of Behcet’s disease. Some people know it by the name of Behcet’s syndrome as well. This is a very rare disorder that affects the blood vessels in a person’s body. The blood vessels are inflamed and engorged throughout the entire body. 

An interesting aspect of Behcet’s syndrome is that many of the signs and symptoms are not obvious towards Behcet’s syndrome. They are vast and can seem completely unrelated to a problem with a  person’s blood vessels. Anyone who shows any of the signs of Behcet’s should speak with a doctor. Even if it’s not a case of Behcet’s syndrome, there’s likely something amiss within the body. Take this chance to learn more about this rare and fascinating disease. 

Causes of Behcet’s Disease

Like many diseases, the exact cause isn’t known. However, Behcet’s disease seems likely to be considered a combination of different causes. It’s believed that Behcet’s disease is caused by a mix of genetic and environmental problems. Some researchers believe there are genes with the disease, while others believe that viruses and bacteria can cause it to begin. 

While the cause may not be fully known, there are risk factors which have proven to be a consideration. Age is a known risk factor. Unlike other diseases where people are more susceptible to a disease as they age, Behcet’s is most common to adults from 20-39. Behcet’s occurs in a more severe form to men. Finally, people who live in the Middle East as well as in eastern Asia have shown to be more susceptible. 

Signs and Symptoms of Behcet’s Disease

Behcet’s disease involves inflammation of the blood vessels. However, this shows up in very odd signs and symptoms. There are many which can occur in differing parts of the body. Explaining symptoms is better when done region by region instead of symptom by symptom. 

  • Joint Symptoms - Joints will often swell and feel very painful. Typically the wrists, elbows and ankles are the most common. This joint pain will last for the duration of a flare up, then go away. This can be between 7 and 21 days usually. 
  • Eye Symptoms - When the eyes inflame it’s called uveitis. It causes vision to blur and the eyes to be red and painful. It will occur in both eyes and will flare up before going away for a while. 
  • Blood Vessel Symptoms - Inflammation throughout the body often causes people to feel pain and swelling in their arms and legs. Blood clots can form and the potential for aneurysms is there. 
  • Mouth Symptoms - The mouth will suffer from painful sores. These are the most common sign of Behcet’s disease and are fairly similar to canker sores. Like most symptoms, they will occur somewhere between 7 to 21 days before going away again. 
  • Skin Symptoms - These can appear as red raised nodes on the skin, or as sores on the body similar in appearance to body acne. These are most common on a person’s lower legs. 
  • Genital Symptoms - Painful red open sores can occur on the scrotum or vulva. 
  • Brain Symptoms - When the blood vessels in the brain inflame, it can cause people to have fever, headaches, feel disoriented, lose balance or even have a stroke! 
  • Digestive Symptoms - Digestive issues can occur, including diarrhea, abdominal pain and bleeding in stool. 

Treatment of Behcet’s Disease

Unfortunately, like many diseases in the world, there is currently no cure for people suffering from Behcet’s disease. Treatment will instead be aimed at handling flare ups of symptoms. For more severe cases, medication may be given in between flare ups. 

Common medicinal treatments will depend on the individual and the actual symptoms they are showing. Mouth rinses are common to deal with the sores that occur there. Other people may take eye drops to deal with the issues that can occur in their eyes. Sores that appear on the skin or genitals are going to be treated with creams or ointments. As mentioned, severe cases may take medications between flare ups. These are medications which work to reduce inflammation in one case. The other types work to suppress or alter the way the immune system functions. This can reduce the severity of symptoms at times. 

Behcet’s disease is rare, but it can be an incredibly frustrating disease to handle mentally. The uncertainty of when a flare up is going to strike can wreak havoc on a person’s mental state. It’s recommended that during flare ups, people should rest and work to minimize their stress levels. When energy levels are good and there’s no symptoms occurring, exercise can really help strengthen the body. Finally, it’s recommended that people form connections socially. Keeping a strong support system can really help. 

Disclaimer: Information on this website is not meant to encourage the self-management of any health or wellness issue. Nor is it meant to encourage any one type of medical treatment. Any treatment or advice used may have varying results between individuals. Readers with health-related questions, are always encouraged to seek proper consultation with a physician or certified healthcare provider. No information on this website should be used to ignore any medical or health-related advice, nor should it be the root cause for a delay in a consultation with a physician or a certified healthcare provider.

No information on this website should be used to start the use of dietary supplements and vitamins, natural and herbal products, homeopathic medicine and other mentioned products prior to a consultation with a physician or certified healthcare provider.